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Excerpt from Chapter 3 of Dr. Ian Malcolm’s book God Creates Dinosaurs.

Random House, New York. 2000.

Game Theory in a Dinosaur Infested World

We’ve established that systems change over time; that’s evolution. It’s natural and inevitable. These changes are initially unpredictable, and therein lays the chaos. But as they evolve into more complex organizations they begin to form a kind of sociology. This happened among humans, animals, insects, and even plants. Now, it is even happening among the dinosaurs on the islands in the Pacific controlled by InGen. This development and growth of social behavior and decision making is falling under a branch known as Game Theory.

The animals on the islands have developed a specific social behavior with each other as well as the native Central American species. And the rate at which they have developed these relationships is an extreme advancement in the evolution of animal sociology. Most of the species of dinosaurs on the islands are not only from mixed continents, but mixed eras as well. Each animal’s genes evolved to fulfil its economic niche millions of years ago.  Now, they are being forced to evolve at a rapid rate in body, social structure, and ultimately in intelligence, in order to survive in this new world. This example is just scratching the surface of the many problems these animals face when first brought into the modern world.

InGen’s raptors are a prime example. They are arguably one of the most radically affected animals manufactured by InGen. First of all, the genetic recreation process has obviously disrupted their natural physiology. It is now commonly known through paleontology that some/most raptors indeed did have feathers. These raptors do not. We know that the DNA of the prehistoric animals of Jurassic Park has been tampered with by Dr. Henry Wu when he naively added the inclusion of amphibian DNA to fill in the sequencing gaps when InGen was initially creating them. Along with a lack of feathers, these creatures are much larger than that of the true Velociraptor mongoliensis (but other hypotheses, such as Dr. Ellie Sattler’s proposal that the InGen raptors aren’t true velociraptors at all and are actually large Deinonychus antirrhopus or Achillobator giganticus.)

Furthermore, beyond physical changes, these animals show mental changes as well. Advanced animals such as dromaeosaurs, need proper guidance that is crucial during early stages of development. It’s when they learn to how to hunt, to act as a pack, and how they live and nest. Proper parenting was NOT supplied to the raptors (or for any of the animals for that matter) during their growth on Isla Sorna or Isla Nublar. As a result the InGen velociraptors were forced to teach themselves, and thusly the have become highly aggressive towards any other animals (especially humans,) and even their own kind- often fighting and even killing one another for dominance, food, or sometimes for sport. Back in the Cretaceous, Velociraptors presumably had very refined social structure. Scientists believe that as individuals these animals likely relied heavily on one another, with strong bonds being made-a pack–much like wolves or lion prides today. While the InGen raptors have seemingly retained the pack hunting mentality on the islands, all other keystones are absent. Instead they are developing their own new system, through trial and error. And do to the complexity of this new system they have not been, and probably will not be, understandable. The raptor’s structure may seem barbaric and very “tooth and claw,” but it seems to be servings these animal’s means of survival quite well apparently. We have no way of predicting the extent, limits, or future of their sociology- due to the fact that it’s still being developed. When Game Theory is applied to biology it’s all about how organisms react to a situation, and success is determined by the actions of both itself and others. To insure success, the raptors have to develop a community system among their selves that’s both a hybrid of what is in their genetic makeup and what insures that they will survive.

This eventually applies to the overall ecology of the islands. Each species on the islands has had to compensate for what is wrong or absent. The herbivores now have to make up for these highly aggressive, smart carnivores that live in packs as well as the off scale predator to prey ratio.  Some of these animals wouldn’t even encounter one another if they were living in their native time. Then we throw them into this new world without as much as a second thought, and disrupt everything embedded in their makeup. Everything is undone to them, and they have to build everything from instincts and social behavior from scratch. To live in their new world, they have to be on the ultimate learning curve.

And it appears as though they are. The fact that the animals on the islands are seemingly adapting at such an incredible rate is both amazing, and dangerous. If they are learning this fast, soon enough they will be some of the smartest animals in the world. Humans do not even adapt this fast. If InGen’s prehistoric creatures continue this fast pace adapting how can we possibly have the slightest idea of what to expect will happen to us as a species because of it?

God Creates Dinosaurs, by Dr. Ian Malcom, is available at all major book retail stores, for $25.98.

“Jurassic Park”, “The Lost World: Jurassic Park”, “Jurassic Park ///”, “Jurassic World” are Trademarks of Universal Studios, Legendary Pictures, and Amblin Entertainment.

Based off Characters Created by Michael Crichton

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